Romans 7: Dead to the Law and the 10 Commandments

Romans 7:1-6

You are dead to the law, that you may be married to another—to Him who was raised from the dead?

Romans 7:1-6 - ESV
1
Or do you not know, brethren (for I speak to those who know the law), that the law has dominion over a man as long as he lives?
2
For the woman who has a husband is bound by the law to her husband as long as he lives. But if the husband dies, she is released from the law of her husband.
3
So then if, while her husband lives, she marries another man, she will be called an adulteress; but if her husband dies, she is free from that law, so that she is no adulteress, though she has married another man.
4
Therefore, my brethren, you also have become dead to the law through the body of Christ, that you may be married to another; to Him who was raised from the dead, that we should bear fruit to God.
5
For when we were in the flesh, the sinful passions which were aroused by the law were at work in our members to bear fruit to death.
6
But now we have been delivered from the law, having died to what we were held by, so that we should serve in the newness of the Spirit and not in the oldness of the letter.

  1. How long does the law have dominion over a man?
    Romans 7:1 - ESV
    Or do you not know, brethren (for I speak to those who know the law), that the law has dominion over a man as long as he lives?
  2. How long is a woman bound to her husband?
    Romans 7:2 - ESV
    For the woman who has a husband is bound by the law to her husband as long as he lives. But if the husband dies, she is released from the law of her husband.
  3. If she marries another while her husband is living, what is she called? If she marries another and her husband is dead, what is she not called?
    Romans 7:3 - ESV
    So then if, while her husband lives, she marries another man, she will be called an adulteress; but if her husband dies, she is free from that law, so that she is no adulteress, though she has married another man.
  4. What have we become dead to, and what should we now bear?
    Romans 7:4 - ESV
    Therefore, my brethren, you also have become dead to the law through the body of Christ, that you may be married to another; to Him who was raised from the dead, that we should bear fruit to God.
  5. When we were in the flesh, what fruit did we bear?
    Romans 7:5 - ESV
    For when we were in the flesh, the sinful passions which were aroused by the law were at work in our members to bear fruit to death.
  6. What have we been delivered from and died to?
    Romans 7:6 - ESV
    But now we have been delivered from the law, having died to what we were held by, so that we should serve in the newness of the Spirit and not in the oldness of the letter.
  7. How should we now serve?
    Romans 7:6 - ESV
    But now we have been delivered from the law, having died to what we were held by, so that we should serve in the newness of the Spirit and not in the oldness of the letter.

Romans 7:7-12

I would not have known sin except through the law, the 10 Commandments.

Romans 7:7-12 - ESV
7
What shall we say then? Is the law sin? Certainly not! On the contrary, I would not have known sin except through the law. For I would not have known covetousness unless the law had said, "You shall not covet."
8
But sin, taking opportunity by the commandment, produced in me all manner of evil desire. For apart from the law sin was dead.
9
I was alive once without the law, but when the commandment came, sin revived and I died.
10
And the commandment, which was to bring life, I found to bring death.
11
For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it killed me.
12
Therefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy and just and good.

  1. What did Paul say he would not have known if it were not for the Law?
    Romans 7:7 - ESV
    What shall we say then? Is the law sin? Certainly not! On the contrary, I would not have known sin except through the law. For I would not have known covetousness unless the law had said, "You shall not covet."
  2. In the Law, which of the 10 Commandments made Paul aware that he was a sinner?
    Romans 7:7 - ESV
    What shall we say then? Is the law sin? Certainly not! On the contrary, I would not have known sin except through the law. For I would not have known covetousness unless the law had said, "You shall not covet."
  3. By taking opportunity, what does the commandment produce in us?
    Romans 7:8 - ESV
    But sin, taking opportunity by the commandment, produced in me all manner of evil desire. For apart from the law sin was dead.
  4. Apart from the Law, was is sin?
    Romans 7:8 - ESV
    But sin, taking opportunity by the commandment, produced in me all manner of evil desire. For apart from the law sin was dead.
  5. Although I was once alive without the law, when the commandment came, what happened to me?
    Romans 7:9 - ESV
    I was alive once without the law, but when the commandment came, sin revived and I died.
  6. What did Paul find that the Commandment brought?
    Romans 7:10 - ESV
    And the commandment, which was to bring life, I found to bring death.
  7. How did sin kill me?
    Romans 7:11 - ESV
    For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it killed me.
  8. Is the law holy and the commandment good?
    Romans 7:12 - ESV
    Therefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy and just and good.
  9. Here is the question for you!  If trying to live by the 10 Commandments brings death, do you want to be under them?

Romans 7:13-20

But sin, that it might appear sin, was producing death in me.

Romans 7:13-20 - ESV
13
Has then what is good become death to me? Certainly not! But sin, that it might appear sin, was producing death in me through what is good, so that sin through the commandment might become exceedingly sinful.
14
For we know that the law is spiritual, but I am carnal, sold under sin.
15
For what I am doing, I do not understand. For what I will to do, that I do not practice; but what I hate, that I do.
16
If, then, I do what I will not to do, I agree with the law that it is good.
17
But now, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells in me.
18
For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh) nothing good dwells; for to will is present with me, but how to perform what is good I do not find.
19
For the good that I will to do, I do not do; but the evil I will not to do, that I practice.
20
Now if I do what I will not to do, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells in me.

  1. What resulted in me from the law?
    Romans 7:13 - ESV
    Has then what is good become death to me? Certainly not! But sin, that it might appear sin, was producing death in me through what is good, so that sin through the commandment might become exceedingly sinful.
  2. Although the law is spiritual, what are we?
    Romans 7:14 - ESV
    For we know that the law is spiritual, but I am carnal, sold under sin.
  3. When we are in the flesh, what do we do?
    Romans 7:15 - ESV
    For what I am doing, I do not understand. For what I will to do, that I do not practice; but what I hate, that I do.
  4. If we do what we do not wish to do, is the law still good?
    Romans 7:16 - ESV
    If, then, I do what I will not to do, I agree with the law that it is good.
  5. What is it that causes us to break the law?
    Romans 7:17 - ESV
    But now, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells in me.
  6. What dwells or lives in  our flesh?
    Romans 7:18 - ESV
    For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh) nothing good dwells; for to will is present with me, but how to perform what is good I do not find.
  7. Instead of doing the good that I want to do, what do I do?
    Romans 7:19 - ESV
    For the good that I will to do, I do not do; but the evil I will not to do, that I practice.
  8. When we are in the flesh, what dwells in us?
    Romans 7:20 - ESV
    Now if I do what I will not to do, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells in me.

Romans 7:21-25

Who will deliver me from this body of death—Jesus Christ our Lord!

Romans 7:21-25 - ESV
21
I find then a law, that evil is present with me, the one who wills to do good.
22
For I delight in the law of God according to the inward man.
23
But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.
24
O wretched man that I am! Who will deliver me from this body of death?
25
I thank God; through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, with the mind I myself serve the law of God, but with the flesh the law of sin.

  1. What do we find is present with in us?
    Romans 7:21 - ESV
    I find then a law, that evil is present with me, the one who wills to do good.
  2. How do we delight in the law?
    Romans 7:22 - ESV
    For I delight in the law of God according to the inward man.
  3. What other law do we see and what does it do to me?
    Romans 7:23 - ESV
    But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.
  4. How are we delivered from this wretched state?
    Romans 7:24-25 - ESV
    24
    O wretched man that I am! Who will deliver me from this body of death?
    25
    I thank God; through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, with the mind I myself serve the law of God, but with the flesh the law of sin.