Hebrews 3: Today, if you will hear His voice, Do not harden your hearts

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1. Complete Chapter

Hebrews 3
1
Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, Christ Jesus,
2
who was faithful to Him who appointed Him, as Moses also was faithful in all His house.
3
For this One has been counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as He who built the house has more honor than the house.
4
For every house is built by someone, but He who built all things is God.
5
And Moses indeed was faithful in all His house as a servant, for a testimony of those things which would be spoken afterward,
6
but Christ as a Son over His own house, whose house we are if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm to the end.
7
Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says: "Today, if you will hear His voice,
8
Do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, In the day of trial in the wilderness,
9
Where your fathers tested Me, tried Me, And saw My works forty years.
10
Therefore I was angry with that generation, And said, 'They always go astray in their heart, And they have not known My ways.'
11
So I swore in My wrath, 'They shall not enter My rest.'"
12
Beware, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief in departing from the living God;
13
but exhort one another daily, while it is called "Today," lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.
14
For we have become partakers of Christ if we hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast to the end,
15
while it is said: "Today, if you will hear His voice, Do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion."
16
For who, having heard, rebelled? Indeed, was it not all who came out of Egypt, led by Moses?
17
Now with whom was He angry forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, whose corpses fell in the wilderness?
18
And to whom did He swear that they would not enter His rest, but to those who did not obey?
19
So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.

Hebrews 3:1-6

2. Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, Christ Jesus

Hebrews 3:1-6
1
Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, Christ Jesus,
2
who was faithful to Him who appointed Him, as Moses also was faithful in all His house.
3
For this One has been counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as He who built the house has more honor than the house.
4
For every house is built by someone, but He who built all things is God.
5
And Moses indeed was faithful in all His house as a servant, for a testimony of those things which would be spoken afterward,
6
but Christ as a Son over His own house, whose house we are if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm to the end.

  1. As partakers of the heavenly calling, what should we consider?
    • Hebrews 3:1
      Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, Christ Jesus,
  2. Who was Jesus faithful to?
    • Hebrews 3:2
      who was faithful to Him who appointed Him, as Moses also was faithful in all His house.
  3. Who else was faithful in all his house?
    • Hebrews 3:2
      who was faithful to Him who appointed Him, as Moses also was faithful in all His house.
  4. Why has Jesus been counted more worthy than Moses?
    • Hebrews 3:3
      For this One has been counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as He who built the house has more honor than the house.
  5. Who has built all things?
    • Hebrews 3:4
      For every house is built by someone, but He who built all things is God.
  6. How was Moses faithful in all his house?
    • Hebrews 3:5
      And Moses indeed was faithful in all His house as a servant, for a testimony of those things which would be spoken afterward,
  7. What was he a testimony of?
    • Hebrews 3:5
      And Moses indeed was faithful in all His house as a servant, for a testimony of those things which would be spoken afterward,
  8. What was Christ faithful over?
    • Hebrews 3:6
      but Christ as a Son over His own house, whose house we are if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm to the end.
  9. To be His house, what must we do to the end?
    • Hebrews 3:6
      but Christ as a Son over His own house, whose house we are if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm to the end.

Hebrews 3:7-11

3.  Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says: “Today, if you will hear His voice, Do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion"

Hebrews 3:7-11
7
Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says: "Today, if you will hear His voice,
8
Do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, In the day of trial in the wilderness,
9
Where your fathers tested Me, tried Me, And saw My works forty years.
10
Therefore I was angry with that generation, And said, 'They always go astray in their heart, And they have not known My ways.'
11
So I swore in My wrath, 'They shall not enter My rest.'"

  1. What does the Holy Spirit say about "Today"?
    • Hebrews 3:7
      Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says: "Today, if you will hear His voice,
      Hebrews 3:8
      Do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, In the day of trial in the wilderness,
  2. What are we not to harden as in the day of trial in the wilderness?
    • Hebrews 3:7
      Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says: "Today, if you will hear His voice,
      Hebrews 3:8
      Do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, In the day of trial in the wilderness,
  3. Who had the fathers (the Israelites) tested in the wilderness?
    • Hebrews 3:9
      Where your fathers tested Me, tried Me, And saw My works forty years.
  4. How long had they seen God's might works?
    • Hebrews 3:9
      Where your fathers tested Me, tried Me, And saw My works forty years.
  5. When God was angry with them, what did He say about them?
    • Hebrews 3:10
      Therefore I was angry with that generation, And said, 'They always go astray in their heart, And they have not known My ways.'
  6. What did the Lord swear in His wrath?
    • Hebrews 3:11
      So I swore in My wrath, 'They shall not enter My rest.'"

Hebrews 3:12-15

4. But exhort one another daily, while it is called “Today,” lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin

Hebrews 3:12-15
12
Beware, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief in departing from the living God;
13
but exhort one another daily, while it is called "Today," lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.
14
For we have become partakers of Christ if we hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast to the end,
15
while it is said: "Today, if you will hear His voice, Do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion."

  1. What are we to beware that we do not do?
    • Hebrews 3:12
      Beware, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief in departing from the living God;
  2. Why are we to exhort one another daily?
    • Hebrews 3:13
      but exhort one another daily, while it is called "Today," lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.
  3. Through what could our hearts be hardened?
    • Hebrews 3:13
      but exhort one another daily, while it is called "Today," lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.
  4. Although we have become partakers of Christ, what must we be steadfast to do to the end?
    • Hebrews 3:14
      For we have become partakers of Christ if we hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast to the end,
  5. If we will hear His voice, what must we do so that our hearts will not harden?
    • Hebrews 3:15
      while it is said: "Today, if you will hear His voice, Do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion."

Hebrews 3:16-19

5. Now with whom was He angry forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, whose corpses fell in the wilderness?

Hebrews 3:16-19
16
For who, having heard, rebelled? Indeed, was it not all who came out of Egypt, led by Moses?
17
Now with whom was He angry forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, whose corpses fell in the wilderness?
18
And to whom did He swear that they would not enter His rest, but to those who did not obey?
19
So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.

  1. Even though they heard, what did they do?
    • Hebrews 3:16
      For who, having heard, rebelled? Indeed, was it not all who came out of Egypt, led by Moses?
  2. Who was it that rebelled?
    • Hebrews 3:16
      For who, having heard, rebelled? Indeed, was it not all who came out of Egypt, led by Moses?
  3. How long was God angry with them?
    • Hebrews 3:17
      Now with whom was He angry forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, whose corpses fell in the wilderness?
  4. Who was God angry with?
    • Hebrews 3:17
      Now with whom was He angry forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, whose corpses fell in the wilderness?
  5. To whom did He swear that they would not enter His rest?
    • Hebrews 3:18
      And to whom did He swear that they would not enter His rest, but to those who did not obey?
  6. Why could they not enter?
    • Hebrews 3:19
      So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.