Hebrews 12: But if you are without chastening, you are illegitimate and not sons

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Hebrews 12
1
Therefore, since we have so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding us, let us also lay aside every encumbrance and the sin which so easily entangles us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us,
2
fixing our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of faith, who for the joy set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.
3
For consider Him who has endured such hostility by sinners against Himself, so that you will not grow weary and lose heart.
4
You have not yet resisted to the point of shedding blood in your striving against sin;
5
and you have forgotten the exhortation which is addressed to you as sons, "MY SON, DO NOT REGARD LIGHTLY THE DISCIPLINE OF THE LORD, NOR FAINT WHEN YOU ARE REPROVED BY HIM;
6
FOR THOSE WHOM THE LORD LOVES HE DISCIPLINES, AND HE SCOURGES EVERY SON WHOM HE RECEIVES."
7
It is for discipline that you endure; God deals with you as with sons; for what son is there whom his father does not discipline?
8
But if you are without discipline, of which all have become partakers, then you are illegitimate children and not sons.
9
Furthermore, we had earthly fathers to discipline us, and we respected them; shall we not much rather be subject to the Father of spirits, and live?
10
For they disciplined us for a short time as seemed best to them, but He disciplines us for our good, so that we may share His holiness.
11
All discipline for the moment seems not to be joyful, but sorrowful; yet to those who have been trained by it, afterwards it yields the peaceful fruit of righteousness.
12
Therefore, strengthen the hands that are weak and the knees that are feeble,
13
and make straight paths for your feet, so that the limb which is lame may not be put out of joint, but rather be healed.
14
Pursue peace with all men, and the sanctification without which no one will see the Lord.
15
See to it that no one comes short of the grace of God; that no root of bitterness springing up causes trouble, and by it many be defiled;
16
that there be no immoral or godless person like Esau, who sold his own birthright for a single meal.
17
For you know that even afterwards, when he desired to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, for he found no place for repentance, though he sought for it with tears.
18
For you have not come to a mountain that can be touched and to a blazing fire, and to darkness and gloom and whirlwind,
19
and to the blast of a trumpet and the sound of words which sound was such that those who heard begged that no further word be spoken to them.
20
For they could not bear the command, "IF EVEN A BEAST TOUCHES THE MOUNTAIN, IT WILL BE STONED."
21
And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, "I AM FULL OF FEAR and trembling."
22
But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to myriads of angels,
23
to the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and to God, the Judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous made perfect,
24
and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood, which speaks better than the blood of Abel.
25
See to it that you do not refuse Him who is speaking. For if those did not escape when they refused him who warned them on earth, much less will we escape who turn away from Him who warns from heaven.
26
And His voice shook the earth then, but now He has promised, saying, "YET ONCE MORE I WILL SHAKE NOT ONLY THE EARTH, BUT ALSO THE HEAVEN."
27
This expression, "Yet once more," denotes the removing of those things which can be shaken, as of created things, so that those things which cannot be shaken may remain.
28
Therefore, since we receive a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us show gratitude, by which we may offer to God an acceptable service with reverence and awe;
29
for our God is a consuming fire.

Hebrews 12:1-2

Looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith, who for the joy that was set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God

Hebrews 12:1-2
1
Therefore, since we have so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding us, let us also lay aside every encumbrance and the sin which so easily entangles us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us,
2
fixing our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of faith, who for the joy set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.

  1. How many witness surround us?
    • Hebrews 12:1
      Therefore, since we have so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding us, let us also lay aside every encumbrance and the sin which so easily entangles us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us,
  2. What should we lay aside?
    • Hebrews 12:1
      Therefore, since we have so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding us, let us also lay aside every encumbrance and the sin which so easily entangles us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us,
  3. How should we run the race?
    • Hebrews 12:1
      Therefore, since we have so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding us, let us also lay aside every encumbrance and the sin which so easily entangles us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us,
  4. Who should we fix our eyes on?
    • Hebrews 12:2
      fixing our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of faith, who for the joy set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.
  5. What is He the author and finisher of?
    • Hebrews 12:2
      fixing our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of faith, who for the joy set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.
  6. For the joy set before Him, what did He do?
    • Hebrews 12:2
      fixing our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of faith, who for the joy set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.
  7. What did He despiseWhere did He sit down?
    • Hebrews 12:2
      fixing our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of faith, who for the joy set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.

Hebrews 12:3-6

For consider Him who endured such hostility from sinners against Himself, lest you become weary and discouraged in your souls

Hebrews 12:3-6
3
For consider Him who has endured such hostility by sinners against Himself, so that you will not grow weary and lose heart.
4
You have not yet resisted to the point of shedding blood in your striving against sin;
5
and you have forgotten the exhortation which is addressed to you as sons, "MY SON, DO NOT REGARD LIGHTLY THE DISCIPLINE OF THE LORD, NOR FAINT WHEN YOU ARE REPROVED BY HIM;
6
FOR THOSE WHOM THE LORD LOVES HE DISCIPLINES, AND HE SCOURGES EVERY SON WHOM HE RECEIVES."

  1. Why should we consider Him?
    • Hebrews 12:3
      For consider Him who has endured such hostility by sinners against Himself, so that you will not grow weary and lose heart.
  2. If we don't consider Him, what will happen?
    • Hebrews 12:3
      For consider Him who has endured such hostility by sinners against Himself, so that you will not grow weary and lose heart.
  3. How have you not yet resisted against sin?
    • Hebrews 12:4
      You have not yet resisted to the point of shedding blood in your striving against sin;
  4. What exhortation does He speak to you as a son?
    • Hebrews 12:5
      and you have forgotten the exhortation which is addressed to you as sons, "MY SON, DO NOT REGARD LIGHTLY THE DISCIPLINE OF THE LORD, NOR FAINT WHEN YOU ARE REPROVED BY HIM;
  5. Who does the Lord chasten (discipline, or punish)?
    • Hebrews 12:6
      FOR THOSE WHOM THE LORD LOVES HE DISCIPLINES, AND HE SCOURGES EVERY SON WHOM HE RECEIVES."
  6. What does He scourge (whip or switch)?
    • Hebrews 12:6
      FOR THOSE WHOM THE LORD LOVES HE DISCIPLINES, AND HE SCOURGES EVERY SON WHOM HE RECEIVES."

Hebrews 12:7-11

If you endure chastening, God deals with you as with sons; for what son is there whom a father does not chasten? But if you are without chastening, of which all have become partakers, then you are illegitimate and not sons

Hebrews 12:7-11
7
It is for discipline that you endure; God deals with you as with sons; for what son is there whom his father does not discipline?
8
But if you are without discipline, of which all have become partakers, then you are illegitimate children and not sons.
9
Furthermore, we had earthly fathers to discipline us, and we respected them; shall we not much rather be subject to the Father of spirits, and live?
10
For they disciplined us for a short time as seemed best to them, but He disciplines us for our good, so that we may share His holiness.
11
All discipline for the moment seems not to be joyful, but sorrowful; yet to those who have been trained by it, afterwards it yields the peaceful fruit of righteousness.

  1. If you endure chastening, how does God deal with you?
    • Hebrews 12:7
      It is for discipline that you endure; God deals with you as with sons; for what son is there whom his father does not discipline?
  2. But if you are without chastening, what are you?
    • Hebrews 12:8
      But if you are without discipline, of which all have become partakers, then you are illegitimate children and not sons.
  3. Who should a child pay respect to?
    • Hebrews 12:9
      Furthermore, we had earthly fathers to discipline us, and we respected them; shall we not much rather be subject to the Father of spirits, and live?
  4. Who should we rather be subject to?
    • Hebrews 12:9
      Furthermore, we had earthly fathers to discipline us, and we respected them; shall we not much rather be subject to the Father of spirits, and live?
  5. If we do that, what will happen?
    • Hebrews 12:9
      Furthermore, we had earthly fathers to discipline us, and we respected them; shall we not much rather be subject to the Father of spirits, and live?
  6. Why do earthly fathers chasten?
    • Hebrews 12:10
      For they disciplined us for a short time as seemed best to them, but He disciplines us for our good, so that we may share His holiness.
  7. Why does He chasten us?
    • Hebrews 12:10
      For they disciplined us for a short time as seemed best to them, but He disciplines us for our good, so that we may share His holiness.
  8. What does His chastening yield afterward?
    • Hebrews 12:11
      All discipline for the moment seems not to be joyful, but sorrowful; yet to those who have been trained by it, afterwards it yields the peaceful fruit of righteousness.

Hebrews 12:12-17

Therefore strengthen the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees, and make straight paths for your feet, so that what is lame may not be dislocated, but rather be healed

Hebrews 12:12-17
12
Therefore, strengthen the hands that are weak and the knees that are feeble,
13
and make straight paths for your feet, so that the limb which is lame may not be put out of joint, but rather be healed.
14
Pursue peace with all men, and the sanctification without which no one will see the Lord.
15
See to it that no one comes short of the grace of God; that no root of bitterness springing up causes trouble, and by it many be defiled;
16
that there be no immoral or godless person like Esau, who sold his own birthright for a single meal.
17
For you know that even afterwards, when he desired to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, for he found no place for repentance, though he sought for it with tears.

  1. What are we to strengthen?
    • Hebrews 12:12
      Therefore, strengthen the hands that are weak and the knees that are feeble,
  2. Why are we to make our paths straight?
    • Hebrews 12:13
      and make straight paths for your feet, so that the limb which is lame may not be put out of joint, but rather be healed.
  3. Who are we to pursue peace with?
    • Hebrews 12:14
      Pursue peace with all men, and the sanctification without which no one will see the Lord.
  4. Why are we to pursue sanctification?
    • Hebrews 12:14
      Pursue peace with all men, and the sanctification without which no one will see the Lord.
  5. What are we not to come short of?
    • Hebrews 12:15
      See to it that no one comes short of the grace of God; that no root of bitterness springing up causes trouble, and by it many be defiled;
  6. What happens to many who do not do this?
    • Hebrews 12:15
      See to it that no one comes short of the grace of God; that no root of bitterness springing up causes trouble, and by it many be defiled;
  7. What are we not to do like Esau?
    • Hebrews 12:16
      that there be no immoral or godless person like Esau, who sold his own birthright for a single meal.
  8. What did he sell his birthright for?
    • Hebrews 12:16
      that there be no immoral or godless person like Esau, who sold his own birthright for a single meal.
  9. What happened to Esau afterward when he desired to inherit the birthright?
    • Hebrews 12:17
      For you know that even afterwards, when he desired to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, for he found no place for repentance, though he sought for it with tears.
  10. How did he seek repentance?
    • Hebrews 12:17
      For you know that even afterwards, when he desired to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, for he found no place for repentance, though he sought for it with tears.

Hebrews 12:18-24

But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, to an innumerable company of angels

Hebrews 12:18-24
18
For you have not come to a mountain that can be touched and to a blazing fire, and to darkness and gloom and whirlwind,
19
and to the blast of a trumpet and the sound of words which sound was such that those who heard begged that no further word be spoken to them.
20
For they could not bear the command, "IF EVEN A BEAST TOUCHES THE MOUNTAIN, IT WILL BE STONED."
21
And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, "I AM FULL OF FEAR and trembling."
22
But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to myriads of angels,
23
to the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and to God, the Judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous made perfect,
24
and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood, which speaks better than the blood of Abel.

  1. What have we not come to?
    • Hebrews 12:18-19
      18
      For you have not come to a mountain that can be touched and to a blazing fire, and to darkness and gloom and whirlwind,
      19
      and to the blast of a trumpet and the sound of words which sound was such that those who heard begged that no further word be spoken to them.
  2. Why could they not bear it?
    • Hebrews 12:20-21
      20
      For they could not bear the command, "IF EVEN A BEAST TOUCHES THE MOUNTAIN, IT WILL BE STONED."
      21
      And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, "I AM FULL OF FEAR and trembling."
  3. What have we come to?
    • Hebrews 12:22
      But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to myriads of angels,
  4. What else have we come to?
    • Hebrews 12:23
      to the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and to God, the Judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous made perfect,
  5. Who have we come to that is the mediator of a better covenant?
    • Hebrews 12:24
      and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood, which speaks better than the blood of Abel.

Hebrews 12:25-29

See that you do not refuse Him who speaks. For if they did not escape who refused Him who spoke on earth, much more shall we not escape if we turn away from Him who speaks from heaven

Hebrews 12:25-29
25
See to it that you do not refuse Him who is speaking. For if those did not escape when they refused him who warned them on earth, much less will we escape who turn away from Him who warns from heaven.
26
And His voice shook the earth then, but now He has promised, saying, "YET ONCE MORE I WILL SHAKE NOT ONLY THE EARTH, BUT ALSO THE HEAVEN."
27
This expression, "Yet once more," denotes the removing of those things which can be shaken, as of created things, so that those things which cannot be shaken may remain.
28
Therefore, since we receive a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us show gratitude, by which we may offer to God an acceptable service with reverence and awe;
29
for our God is a consuming fire.

  1. What should we see to it that we do not refuse?
    • Hebrews 12:25
      See to it that you do not refuse Him who is speaking. For if those did not escape when they refused him who warned them on earth, much less will we escape who turn away from Him who warns from heaven.
  2. What happened to them?
    • Hebrews 12:25
      See to it that you do not refuse Him who is speaking. For if those did not escape when they refused him who warned them on earth, much less will we escape who turn away from Him who warns from heaven.
  3. Will we escape if we turn away turn from Him who warns from heaven?
    • Hebrews 12:25
      See to it that you do not refuse Him who is speaking. For if those did not escape when they refused him who warned them on earth, much less will we escape who turn away from Him who warns from heaven.
  4. What shook the earth?
    • Hebrews 12:26
      And His voice shook the earth then, but now He has promised, saying, "YET ONCE MORE I WILL SHAKE NOT ONLY THE EARTH, BUT ALSO THE HEAVEN."
  5. What will He yet shake once more besides the earth?
    • Hebrews 12:26
      And His voice shook the earth then, but now He has promised, saying, "YET ONCE MORE I WILL SHAKE NOT ONLY THE EARTH, BUT ALSO THE HEAVEN."
  6. What does this expression, "Yet once more," denote?
    • Hebrews 12:27
      This expression, "Yet once more," denotes the removing of those things which can be shaken, as of created things, so that those things which cannot be shaken may remain.
  7. Since we receive a kingdom which cannot be shaken, what should we show?
    • Hebrews 12:28
      Therefore, since we receive a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us show gratitude, by which we may offer to God an acceptable service with reverence and awe;
  8. What is our God?
    • Hebrews 12:29
      for our God is a consuming fire.