Hebrews 10: The law, having a shadow of the good things to come

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1. Complete Chapter

Hebrews 10
1
For the law, having a shadow of the good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with these same sacrifices, which they offer continually year by year, make those who approach perfect.
2
For then would they not have ceased to be offered? For the worshipers, once purified, would have had no more consciousness of sins.
3
But in those sacrifices there is a reminder of sins every year.
4
For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and goats could take away sins.
5
Therefore, when He came into the world, He said: "Sacrifice and offering You did not desire, But a body You have prepared for Me.
6
In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin You had no pleasure.
7
Then I said, 'Behold, I have come; In the volume of the book it is written of Me; To do Your will, O God.'"
8
Previously saying, "Sacrifice and offering, burnt offerings, and offerings for sin You did not desire, nor had pleasure in them" (which are offered according to the law),
9
then He said, "Behold, I have come to do Your will, O God." He takes away the first that He may establish the second.
10
By that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.
11
And every priest stands ministering daily and offering repeatedly the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins.
12
But this Man, after He had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down at the right hand of God,
13
from that time waiting till His enemies are made His footstool.
14
For by one offering He has perfected forever those who are being sanctified.
15
But the Holy Spirit also witnesses to us; for after He had said before,
16
"This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, says the LORD: I will put My laws into their hearts, and in their minds I will write them,"
17
then He adds, "Their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no more."
18
Now where there is remission of these, there is no longer an offering for sin.
19
Therefore, brethren, having boldness to enter the Holiest by the blood of Jesus,
20
by a new and living way which He consecrated for us, through the veil, that is, His flesh,
21
and having a High Priest over the house of God,
22
let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.
23
Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who promised is faithful.
24
And let us consider one another in order to stir up love and good works,
25
not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as is the manner of some, but exhorting one another, and so much the more as you see the Day approaching.
26
For if we sin willfully after we have received the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins,
27
but a certain fearful expectation of judgment, and fiery indignation which will devour the adversaries.
28
Anyone who has rejected Moses' law dies without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses.
29
Of how much worse punishment, do you suppose, will he be thought worthy who has trampled the Son of God underfoot, counted the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified a common thing, and insulted the Spirit of grace?
30
For we know Him who said, "Vengeance is Mine, I will repay," says the Lord. And again, "The LORD will judge His people."
31
It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.
32
But recall the former days in which, after you were illuminated, you endured a great struggle with sufferings:
33
partly while you were made a spectacle both by reproaches and tribulations, and partly while you became companions of those who were so treated;
34
for you had compassion on me in my chains, and joyfully accepted the plundering of your goods, knowing that you have a better and an enduring possession for yourselves in heaven.
35
Therefore do not cast away your confidence, which has great reward.
36
For you have need of endurance, so that after you have done the will of God, you may receive the promise:
37
"For yet a little while, And He who is coming will come and will not tarry.
38
Now the just shall live by faith; But if anyone draws back, My soul has no pleasure in him."
39
But we are not of those who draw back to perdition, but of those who believe to the saving of the soul.

Hebrews 10:1-4

2. For the law, having a shadow of the good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with these same sacrifices, which they offer continually year by year, make those who approach perfect

Hebrews 10:1-4
1
For the law, having a shadow of the good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with these same sacrifices, which they offer continually year by year, make those who approach perfect.
2
For then would they not have ceased to be offered? For the worshipers, once purified, would have had no more consciousness of sins.
3
But in those sacrifices there is a reminder of sins every year.
4
For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and goats could take away sins.

  1. What is the law a shadow of?
    • Hebrews 10:1
      For the law, having a shadow of the good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with these same sacrifices, which they offer continually year by year, make those who approach perfect.
  2. What can the law never do?
    • Hebrews 10:1
      For the law, having a shadow of the good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with these same sacrifices, which they offer continually year by year, make those who approach perfect.
  3. What did they do continually, year by year?
    • Hebrews 10:1
      For the law, having a shadow of the good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with these same sacrifices, which they offer continually year by year, make those who approach perfect.
  4. If the worshipers were once purified, what would they no longer have consciousness of?
    • Hebrews 10:2
      For then would they not have ceased to be offered? For the worshipers, once purified, would have had no more consciousness of sins.
  5. What did the sacrifices remind them of?
    • Hebrews 10:3
      But in those sacrifices there is a reminder of sins every year.
  6. What was not possible, for the blood of bulls to do?
    • Hebrews 10:4
      For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and goats could take away sins.

Hebrews 10:5-10

3. Then I said, ‘Behold, I have come—In the volume of the book it is written of Me—To do Your will, O God’”

Hebrews 10:5-10
5
Therefore, when He came into the world, He said: "Sacrifice and offering You did not desire, But a body You have prepared for Me.
6
In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin You had no pleasure.
7
Then I said, 'Behold, I have come; In the volume of the book it is written of Me; To do Your will, O God.'"
8
Previously saying, "Sacrifice and offering, burnt offerings, and offerings for sin You did not desire, nor had pleasure in them" (which are offered according to the law),
9
then He said, "Behold, I have come to do Your will, O God." He takes away the first that He may establish the second.
10
By that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.

  1. What did He say, when He came into the world?
    • Hebrews 10:5
      Therefore, when He came into the world, He said: "Sacrifice and offering You did not desire, But a body You have prepared for Me.
      Hebrews 10:6
      In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin You had no pleasure.
      Hebrews 10:7
      Then I said, 'Behold, I have come; In the volume of the book it is written of Me; To do Your will, O God.'"
  2. What had He previously said?
    • Hebrews 10:8
      Previously saying, "Sacrifice and offering, burnt offerings, and offerings for sin You did not desire, nor had pleasure in them" (which are offered according to the law),
  3. What did He say then that He would take away?
    • Hebrews 10:9
      then He said, "Behold, I have come to do Your will, O God." He takes away the first that He may establish the second.
  4. What would He establish?
    • Hebrews 10:9
      then He said, "Behold, I have come to do Your will, O God." He takes away the first that He may establish the second.
  5. Through what have we been sanctified, once for all?
    • Hebrews 10:10
      By that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.
         

Hebrews 10:11-14

4. For by one offering He has perfected forever those who are being sanctified

Hebrews 10:11-14
11
And every priest stands ministering daily and offering repeatedly the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins.
12
But this Man, after He had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down at the right hand of God,
13
from that time waiting till His enemies are made His footstool.
14
For by one offering He has perfected forever those who are being sanctified.

  1. What did every priest do repeatedly, on a daily basis?
    • Hebrews 10:11
      And every priest stands ministering daily and offering repeatedly the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins.
  2. After Christ offered one sacrifice for sins, where did He sit down?
    • Hebrews 10:12
      But this Man, after He had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down at the right hand of God,
  3. What is He waiting for?
    • Hebrews 10:13
      from that time waiting till His enemies are made His footstool.
  4. Who has He perfected forever?
    • Hebrews 10:14
      For by one offering He has perfected forever those who are being sanctified.

Hebrews 10:15-18

5. This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, says the Lord: I will put My laws into their hearts, and in their minds I will write them

Hebrews 10:15-18
15
But the Holy Spirit also witnesses to us; for after He had said before,
16
"This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, says the LORD: I will put My laws into their hearts, and in their minds I will write them,"
17
then He adds, "Their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no more."
18
Now where there is remission of these, there is no longer an offering for sin.

  1. To whom does the Holy Spirit witness?
    • Hebrews 10:15
      But the Holy Spirit also witnesses to us; for after He had said before,
      Hebrews 10:16
      "This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, says the LORD: I will put My laws into their hearts, and in their minds I will write them,"
  2. What does He say, that He will remember, no more?
    • Hebrews 10:17
      then He adds, "Their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no more."
  3. Now where there is remission of these, what no longer happens?
    • Hebrews 10:18
      Now where there is remission of these, there is no longer an offering for sin.

Hebrews 10:19-25

6. And let us consider one another in order to stir up love and good works, not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as is the manner of some, but exhorting one another, and so much the more as you see the Day approaching

Hebrews 10:19-25
19
Therefore, brethren, having boldness to enter the Holiest by the blood of Jesus,
20
by a new and living way which He consecrated for us, through the veil, that is, His flesh,
21
and having a High Priest over the house of God,
22
let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.
23
Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who promised is faithful.
24
And let us consider one another in order to stir up love and good works,
25
not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as is the manner of some, but exhorting one another, and so much the more as you see the Day approaching.

  1. Therefore, brethren, by the blood of Jesus, what can we enter into with boldness?
    • Hebrews 10:19
      Therefore, brethren, having boldness to enter the Holiest by the blood of Jesus,
  2. By what kind of way, can we enter through the veil?
    • Hebrews 10:20
      by a new and living way which He consecrated for us, through the veil, that is, His flesh,
  3. What has Jesus become over the house of God?
    • Hebrews 10:21
      and having a High Priest over the house of God,
  4. With what kind of heart can we draw near?
    • Hebrews 10:22
      let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.
  5. What has this done to our conscience?
    • Hebrews 10:22
      let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.
  6. To what are we to hold fast?
    • Hebrews 10:23
      Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who promised is faithful.
  7. What kind of works are we to stir up one another up to?
    • Hebrews 10:24
      And let us consider one another in order to stir up love and good works,
  8. Why are we not to forsake assembling together, as some do?
    • Hebrews 10:25
      not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as is the manner of some, but exhorting one another, and so much the more as you see the Day approaching.
  9. How often are we to be assembling together?
    • Hebrews 10:25
      not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as is the manner of some, but exhorting one another, and so much the more as you see the Day approaching.

Hebrews 10:26-31

7. For if we sin willfully after we have received the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, but a certain fearful expectation of judgment, and fiery indignation which will devour the adversaries

Hebrews 10:26-31
26
For if we sin willfully after we have received the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins,
27
but a certain fearful expectation of judgment, and fiery indignation which will devour the adversaries.
28
Anyone who has rejected Moses' law dies without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses.
29
Of how much worse punishment, do you suppose, will he be thought worthy who has trampled the Son of God underfoot, counted the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified a common thing, and insulted the Spirit of grace?
30
For we know Him who said, "Vengeance is Mine, I will repay," says the Lord. And again, "The LORD will judge His people."
31
It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

  1. If we sin willfully after we have received the knowledge of the truth, what no longer remains?
    • Hebrews 10:26
      For if we sin willfully after we have received the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins,
  2. What does remain?
    • Hebrews 10:27
      but a certain fearful expectation of judgment, and fiery indignation which will devour the adversaries.
  3. How does anyone die, who has rejected the Law of Moses?
    • Hebrews 10:28
      Anyone who has rejected Moses' law dies without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses.
  4. What will happen to those, who have trampled the Son of God, underfoot?
    • Hebrews 10:29
      Of how much worse punishment, do you suppose, will he be thought worthy who has trampled the Son of God underfoot, counted the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified a common thing, and insulted the Spirit of grace?
  5. What does God say is His? Will He repay?
    • Hebrews 10:30
      For we know Him who said, "Vengeance is Mine, I will repay," says the Lord. And again, "The LORD will judge His people."
  6. Whose hands, is it a fearful thing fall into?
    • Hebrews 10:31
      It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

Hebrews 10:32-39

8. But we are not of those who draw back to perdition, but of those who believe to the saving of the soul

Hebrews 10:32-39
32
But recall the former days in which, after you were illuminated, you endured a great struggle with sufferings:
33
partly while you were made a spectacle both by reproaches and tribulations, and partly while you became companions of those who were so treated;
34
for you had compassion on me in my chains, and joyfully accepted the plundering of your goods, knowing that you have a better and an enduring possession for yourselves in heaven.
35
Therefore do not cast away your confidence, which has great reward.
36
For you have need of endurance, so that after you have done the will of God, you may receive the promise:
37
"For yet a little while, And He who is coming will come and will not tarry.
38
Now the just shall live by faith; But if anyone draws back, My soul has no pleasure in him."
39
But we are not of those who draw back to perdition, but of those who believe to the saving of the soul.

  1. What happened in the former days, that we are to recall?
    • Hebrews 10:32
      But recall the former days in which, after you were illuminated, you endured a great struggle with sufferings:
  2. What had happened to them?
    • Hebrews 10:33-34
      33
      partly while you were made a spectacle both by reproaches and tribulations, and partly while you became companions of those who were so treated;
      34
      for you had compassion on me in my chains, and joyfully accepted the plundering of your goods, knowing that you have a better and an enduring possession for yourselves in heaven.
  3. What are we therefore, not to cast away?
    • Hebrews 10:35
      Therefore do not cast away your confidence, which has great reward.
  4. Why do we need endurance?
    • Hebrews 10:36
      For you have need of endurance, so that after you have done the will of God, you may receive the promise:
  5. Who is coming, and will not tarry or delay?
    • Hebrews 10:37
      "For yet a little while, And He who is coming will come and will not tarry.
  6. Who will He have, no pleasure in?
    • Hebrews 10:38-39
      38
      Now the just shall live by faith; But if anyone draws back, My soul has no pleasure in him."
      39
      But we are not of those who draw back to perdition, but of those who believe to the saving of the soul.
  7. Who have you decided, to not be like?
    • Hebrews 10:38-39
      38
      Now the just shall live by faith; But if anyone draws back, My soul has no pleasure in him."
      39
      But we are not of those who draw back to perdition, but of those who believe to the saving of the soul.