Romans 7: Dead to the Law and the 10 Commandments

Romans 7:1-6

You are dead to the law, that you may be married to another—to Him who was raised from the dead?

Romans 7:1-6 - ESV
1
Or do you not know, brothers—for I am speaking to those who know the law—that the law is binding on a person only as long as he lives?
2
For a married woman is bound by law to her husband while he lives, but if her husband dies she is released from the law of marriage.
3
Accordingly, she will be called an adulteress if she lives with another man while her husband is alive. But if her husband dies, she is free from that law, and if she marries another man she is not an adulteress.
4
Likewise, my brothers, you also have died to the law through the body of Christ, so that you may belong to another, to him who has been raised from the dead, in order that we may bear fruit for God.
5
For while we were living in the flesh, our sinful passions, aroused by the law, were at work in our members to bear fruit for death.
6
But now we are released from the law, having died to that which held us captive, so that we serve in the new way of the Spirit and not in the old way of the written code.

  1. How long does the law have dominion over a man?
    Romans 7:1 - ESV
    Or do you not know, brothers—for I am speaking to those who know the law—that the law is binding on a person only as long as he lives?
  2. How long is a woman bound to her husband?
    Romans 7:2 - ESV
    For a married woman is bound by law to her husband while he lives, but if her husband dies she is released from the law of marriage.
  3. If she marries another while her husband is living, what is she called? If she marries another and her husband is dead, what is she not called?
    Romans 7:3 - ESV
    Accordingly, she will be called an adulteress if she lives with another man while her husband is alive. But if her husband dies, she is free from that law, and if she marries another man she is not an adulteress.
  4. What have we become dead to, and what should we now bear?
    Romans 7:4 - ESV
    Likewise, my brothers, you also have died to the law through the body of Christ, so that you may belong to another, to him who has been raised from the dead, in order that we may bear fruit for God.
  5. When we were in the flesh, what fruit did we bear?
    Romans 7:5 - ESV
    For while we were living in the flesh, our sinful passions, aroused by the law, were at work in our members to bear fruit for death.
  6. What have we been delivered from and died to?
    Romans 7:6 - ESV
    But now we are released from the law, having died to that which held us captive, so that we serve in the new way of the Spirit and not in the old way of the written code.
  7. How should we now serve?
    Romans 7:6 - ESV
    But now we are released from the law, having died to that which held us captive, so that we serve in the new way of the Spirit and not in the old way of the written code.

Romans 7:7-12

I would not have known sin except through the law, the 10 Commandments.

Romans 7:7-12 - ESV
7
What then shall we say? That the law is sin? By no means! Yet if it had not been for the law, I would not have known sin. For I would not have known what it is to covet if the law had not said, “You shall not covet.”
8
But sin, seizing an opportunity through the commandment, produced in me all kinds of covetousness. For apart from the law, sin lies dead.
9
I was once alive apart from the law, but when the commandment came, sin came alive and I died.
10
The very commandment that promised life proved to be death to me.
11
For sin, seizing an opportunity through the commandment, deceived me and through it killed me.
12
So the law is holy, and the commandment is holy and righteous and good.

  1. What did Paul say he would not have known if it were not for the Law?
    Romans 7:7 - ESV
    What then shall we say? That the law is sin? By no means! Yet if it had not been for the law, I would not have known sin. For I would not have known what it is to covet if the law had not said, “You shall not covet.”
  2. In the Law, which of the 10 Commandments made Paul aware that he was a sinner?
    Romans 7:7 - ESV
    What then shall we say? That the law is sin? By no means! Yet if it had not been for the law, I would not have known sin. For I would not have known what it is to covet if the law had not said, “You shall not covet.”
  3. By taking opportunity, what does the commandment produce in us?
    Romans 7:8 - ESV
    But sin, seizing an opportunity through the commandment, produced in me all kinds of covetousness. For apart from the law, sin lies dead.
  4. Apart from the Law, was is sin?
    Romans 7:8 - ESV
    But sin, seizing an opportunity through the commandment, produced in me all kinds of covetousness. For apart from the law, sin lies dead.
  5. Although I was once alive without the law, when the commandment came, what happened to me?
    Romans 7:9 - ESV
    I was once alive apart from the law, but when the commandment came, sin came alive and I died.
  6. What did Paul find that the Commandment brought?
    Romans 7:10 - ESV
    The very commandment that promised life proved to be death to me.
  7. How did sin kill me?
    Romans 7:11 - ESV
    For sin, seizing an opportunity through the commandment, deceived me and through it killed me.
  8. Is the law holy and the commandment good?
    Romans 7:12 - ESV
    So the law is holy, and the commandment is holy and righteous and good.
  9. Here is the question for you!  If trying to live by the 10 Commandments brings death, do you want to be under them?

Romans 7:13-20

But sin, that it might appear sin, was producing death in me.

Romans 7:13-20 - ESV
13
Did that which is good, then, bring death to me? By no means! It was sin, producing death in me through what is good, in order that sin might be shown to be sin, and through the commandment might become sinful beyond measure.
14
For we know that the law is spiritual, but I am of the flesh, sold under sin.
15
For I do not understand my own actions. For I do not do what I want, but I do the very thing I hate.
16
Now if I do what I do not want, I agree with the law, that it is good.
17
So now it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells within me.
18
For I know that nothing good dwells in me, that is, in my flesh. For I have the desire to do what is right, but not the ability to carry it out.
19
For I do not do the good I want, but the evil I do not want is what I keep on doing.
20
Now if I do what I do not want, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells within me.

  1. What resulted in me from the law?
    Romans 7:13 - ESV
    Did that which is good, then, bring death to me? By no means! It was sin, producing death in me through what is good, in order that sin might be shown to be sin, and through the commandment might become sinful beyond measure.
  2. Although the law is spiritual, what are we?
    Romans 7:14 - ESV
    For we know that the law is spiritual, but I am of the flesh, sold under sin.
  3. When we are in the flesh, what do we do?
    Romans 7:15 - ESV
    For I do not understand my own actions. For I do not do what I want, but I do the very thing I hate.
  4. If we do what we do not wish to do, is the law still good?
    Romans 7:16 - ESV
    Now if I do what I do not want, I agree with the law, that it is good.
  5. What is it that causes us to break the law?
    Romans 7:17 - ESV
    So now it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells within me.
  6. What dwells or lives in  our flesh?
    Romans 7:18 - ESV
    For I know that nothing good dwells in me, that is, in my flesh. For I have the desire to do what is right, but not the ability to carry it out.
  7. Instead of doing the good that I want to do, what do I do?
    Romans 7:19 - ESV
    For I do not do the good I want, but the evil I do not want is what I keep on doing.
  8. When we are in the flesh, what dwells in us?
    Romans 7:20 - ESV
    Now if I do what I do not want, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells within me.

Romans 7:21-25

Who will deliver me from this body of death—Jesus Christ our Lord!

Romans 7:21-25 - ESV
21
So I find it to be a law that when I want to do right, evil lies close at hand.
22
For I delight in the law of God, in my inner being,
23
but I see in my members another law waging war against the law of my mind and making me captive to the law of sin that dwells in my members.
24
Wretched man that I am! Who will deliver me from this body of death?
25
Thanks be to God through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, I myself serve the law of God with my mind, but with my flesh I serve the law of sin.

  1. What do we find is present with in us?
    Romans 7:21 - ESV
    So I find it to be a law that when I want to do right, evil lies close at hand.
  2. How do we delight in the law?
    Romans 7:22 - ESV
    For I delight in the law of God, in my inner being,
  3. What other law do we see and what does it do to me?
    Romans 7:23 - ESV
    but I see in my members another law waging war against the law of my mind and making me captive to the law of sin that dwells in my members.
  4. How are we delivered from this wretched state?
    Romans 7:24-25 - ESV
    24
    Wretched man that I am! Who will deliver me from this body of death?
    25
    Thanks be to God through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, I myself serve the law of God with my mind, but with my flesh I serve the law of sin.