Hebrews 8: In that He says, "A new covenant," He has made the first obsolete

Hebrews 8:1-2

We have such a High Priest, who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens.

Hebrews 8:1-2 - ESV
1
Now the point in what we are saying is this: we have such a high priest, one who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven,
2
a minister in the holy places, in the true tent that the Lord set up, not man.

  1. What is the main point of the things we are saying?
    Hebrews 8:1 - ESV
    Now the point in what we are saying is this: we have such a high priest, one who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven,
  2. Where is this High Priest seated?
    Hebrews 8:1 - ESV
    Now the point in what we are saying is this: we have such a high priest, one who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven,
  3. What is Jesus a minister of?
    Hebrews 8:2 - ESV
    a minister in the holy places, in the true tent that the Lord set up, not man.
  4. What has the Lord erected?
    Hebrews 8:2 - ESV
    a minister in the holy places, in the true tent that the Lord set up, not man.
  5. How is the true Tabernacle different?
    Hebrews 8:2 - ESV
    a minister in the holy places, in the true tent that the Lord set up, not man.

Hebrews 8:3-6

If He were on earth, He would not be a priest, since there are priests who offer the gifts according to the law.

Hebrews 8:3-6 - ESV
3
For every high priest is appointed to offer gifts and sacrifices; thus it is necessary for this priest also to have something to offer.
4
Now if he were on earth, he would not be a priest at all, since there are priests who offer gifts according to the law.
5
They serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly things. For when Moses was about to erect the tent, he was instructed by God, saying, “See that you make everything according to the pattern that was shown you on the mountain.”
6
But as it is, Christ has obtained a ministry that is as much more excellent than the old as the covenant he mediates is better, since it is enacted on better promises.

  1. What was every High Priest appointed to do?
    Hebrews 8:3 - ESV
    For every high priest is appointed to offer gifts and sacrifices; thus it is necessary for this priest also to have something to offer.
  2. What necessary that this One to offer?
    Hebrews 8:3 - ESV
    For every high priest is appointed to offer gifts and sacrifices; thus it is necessary for this priest also to have something to offer.
  3. For if He were on earth, what would He not be?
    Hebrews 8:4 - ESV
    Now if he were on earth, he would not be a priest at all, since there are priests who offer gifts according to the law.
  4. What are priests according to the a copy and shadow of?
    Hebrews 8:5 - ESV
    They serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly things. For when Moses was about to erect the tent, he was instructed by God, saying, “See that you make everything according to the pattern that was shown you on the mountain.”
  5. How were they instructed to make the tabernacle?
    Hebrews 8:5 - ESV
    They serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly things. For when Moses was about to erect the tent, he was instructed by God, saying, “See that you make everything according to the pattern that was shown you on the mountain.”
  6. Why has He now obtained a better ministry?
    Hebrews 8:6 - ESV
    But as it is, Christ has obtained a ministry that is as much more excellent than the old as the covenant he mediates is better, since it is enacted on better promises.
  7. What is He the Mediator of?
    Hebrews 8:6 - ESV
    But as it is, Christ has obtained a ministry that is as much more excellent than the old as the covenant he mediates is better, since it is enacted on better promises.
  8. What is the better covenant established on?
    Hebrews 8:6 - ESV
    But as it is, Christ has obtained a ministry that is as much more excellent than the old as the covenant he mediates is better, since it is enacted on better promises.

Hebrews 8:7-12

For if that first covenant had been faultless, then no place would have been sought for a second.

Hebrews 8:7-12 - ESV
7
For if that first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no occasion to look for a second.
8
For he finds fault with them when he says: “Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will establish a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah,
9
not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt. For they did not continue in my covenant, and so I showed no concern for them, declares the Lord.
10
For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the Lord: I will put my laws into their minds, and write them on their hearts, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
11
And they shall not teach, each one his neighbor and each one his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest.
12
For I will be merciful toward their iniquities, and I will remember their sins no more.”

  1. If that first covenant had been faultless, what would not have been sought?
    Hebrews 8:7 - ESV
    For if that first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no occasion to look for a second.
  2. Because of finding fault with them, what did He say He would make?
    Hebrews 8:8 - ESV
    For he finds fault with them when he says: “Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will establish a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah,
  3. What is the new covenant not according to?
    Hebrews 8:9 - ESV
    not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt. For they did not continue in my covenant, and so I showed no concern for them, declares the Lord.
  4. What did they not continue in?
    Hebrews 8:9 - ESV
    not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt. For they did not continue in my covenant, and so I showed no concern for them, declares the Lord.
  5. Why did He disregard them?
    Hebrews 8:9 - ESV
    not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt. For they did not continue in my covenant, and so I showed no concern for them, declares the Lord.
  6. What covenant did He make after those days?
    Hebrews 8:10 - ESV
    For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the Lord: I will put my laws into their minds, and write them on their hearts, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
       
  7. Where would He put His laws and write them?
    Hebrews 8:10 - ESV
    For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the Lord: I will put my laws into their minds, and write them on their hearts, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
       
  8. Why will none of the them teach his neighbor, and none his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’?
    Hebrews 8:11 - ESV
    And they shall not teach, each one his neighbor and each one his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest.
  9. How will He be merciful to their unrighteousness?
    Hebrews 8:12 - ESV
    For I will be merciful toward their iniquities, and I will remember their sins no more.”

Hebrews 8:13

In that He says, “A new covenant,” He has made the first obsolete, growing old, ready to vanish away.

Hebrews 8:13 - ESV
In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete. And what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away.

  1. In that He says, “A new covenant,” what has He made obsolete?
    Hebrews 8:13 - ESV
    In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete. And what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away.
  2. What is the old covenant ready to do?
    Hebrews 8:13 - ESV
    In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete. And what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away.