Hebrews 7: A Change of Law with the New Covenant

Hebrews 7:12-17

For the priesthood being changed, of necessity there is also a change of the law.

Hebrews 7:12-17 - ESV
12
For when there is a change in the priesthood, there is necessarily a change in the law as well.
13
For the one of whom these things are spoken belonged to another tribe, from which no one has ever served at the altar.
14
For it is evident that our Lord was descended from Judah, and in connection with that tribe Moses said nothing about priests.
15
This becomes even more evident when another priest arises in the likeness of Melchizedek,
16
who has become a priest, not on the basis of a legal requirement concerning bodily descent, but by the power of an indestructible life.
17
For it is witnessed of him, “You are a priest forever, after the order of Melchizedek.”

  1. What has been changed?
    Hebrews 7:12 - ESV
    For when there is a change in the priesthood, there is necessarily a change in the law as well.
  2. Of necessity, what else has been changed?
    Hebrews 7:12 - ESV
    For when there is a change in the priesthood, there is necessarily a change in the law as well.
  3. What tribe is Jesus from?
    Hebrews 7:13-14 - ESV
    13
    For the one of whom these things are spoken belonged to another tribe, from which no one has ever served at the altar.
    14
    For it is evident that our Lord was descended from Judah, and in connection with that tribe Moses said nothing about priests.
  4. What did Moses say about a Priest coming from the tribe of Judah?
    Hebrews 7:14 - ESV
    For it is evident that our Lord was descended from Judah, and in connection with that tribe Moses said nothing about priests.
  5. What would arise in the likeness of Melchizedek?
    Hebrews 7:15 - ESV
    This becomes even more evident when another priest arises in the likeness of Melchizedek,
  6. What did the the priesthood of Jesus not come according to?
    Hebrews 7:16 - ESV
    who has become a priest, not on the basis of a legal requirement concerning bodily descent, but by the power of an indestructible life.
  7. What kind of power did Jesus come according to?
    Hebrews 7:16 - ESV
    who has become a priest, not on the basis of a legal requirement concerning bodily descent, but by the power of an indestructible life.
  8. How long will Jesus be a priest?
    Hebrews 7:17 - ESV
    For it is witnessed of him, “You are a priest forever, after the order of Melchizedek.”

Hebrews 7:18-28

There is an annulling of the former commandment because of its weakness.

Hebrews 7:18-28 - ESV
18
For on the one hand, a former commandment is set aside because of its weakness and uselessness
19
(for the law made nothing perfect); but on the other hand, a better hope is introduced, through which we draw near to God.
20
And it was not without an oath. For those who formerly became priests were made such without an oath,
21
but this one was made a priest with an oath by the one who said to him: “The Lord has sworn and will not change his mind, ‘You are a priest forever.’”
22
This makes Jesus the guarantor of a better covenant.
23
The former priests were many in number, because they were prevented by death from continuing in office,
24
but he holds his priesthood permanently, because he continues forever.
25
Consequently, he is able to save to the uttermost those who draw near to God through him, since he always lives to make intercession for them.
26
For it was indeed fitting that we should have such a high priest, holy, innocent, unstained, separated from sinners, and exalted above the heavens.
27
He has no need, like those high priests, to offer sacrifices daily, first for his own sins and then for those of the people, since he did this once for all when he offered up himself.
28
For the law appoints men in their weakness as high priests, but the word of the oath, which came later than the law, appoints a Son who has been made perfect forever.

  1. Why was the former commandment annulled?
    Hebrews 7:18 - ESV
    For on the one hand, a former commandment is set aside because of its weakness and uselessness
  2. What did the Law make perfect?
    Hebrews 7:19 - ESV
    (for the law made nothing perfect); but on the other hand, a better hope is introduced, through which we draw near to God.
  3. On the other hand, because of "a better hope" who can we draw near to?
    Hebrews 7:19 - ESV
    (for the law made nothing perfect); but on the other hand, a better hope is introduced, through which we draw near to God.
  4. Who has sworn that Jesus would be made a priest forever?
    Hebrews 7:20-21 - ESV
    20
    And it was not without an oath. For those who formerly became priests were made such without an oath,
    21
    but this one was made a priest with an oath by the one who said to him: “The Lord has sworn and will not change his mind, ‘You are a priest forever.’”
  5. What has Jesus become a surety of?
    Hebrews 7:22 - ESV
    This makes Jesus the guarantor of a better covenant.
  6. What prevented the old covenant priests from continuing?
    Hebrews 7:23 - ESV
    The former priests were many in number, because they were prevented by death from continuing in office,
  7. Why does Jesus have an unchangeable priesthood?
    Hebrews 7:24 - ESV
    but he holds his priesthood permanently, because he continues forever.
  8. Why is Jesus able to save those who come to God through Him?
    Hebrews 7:25 - ESV
    Consequently, he is able to save to the uttermost those who draw near to God through him, since he always lives to make intercession for them.
  9. What kind of High Priest is Jesus?
    Hebrews 7:26 - ESV
    For it was indeed fitting that we should have such a high priest, holy, innocent, unstained, separated from sinners, and exalted above the heavens.
  10. What does He not need to do daily, that the Old Covenant high priests did?
    Hebrews 7:27 - ESV
    He has no need, like those high priests, to offer sacrifices daily, first for his own sins and then for those of the people, since he did this once for all when he offered up himself.
  11. What did He do "Once for All?"
    Hebrews 7:27 - ESV
    He has no need, like those high priests, to offer sacrifices daily, first for his own sins and then for those of the people, since he did this once for all when he offered up himself.
  12. What kind of priests were appointed by the Law?
    Hebrews 7:28 - ESV
    For the law appoints men in their weakness as high priests, but the word of the oath, which came later than the law, appoints a Son who has been made perfect forever.
  13. When did the word of God's oath come?
    Hebrews 7:28 - ESV
    For the law appoints men in their weakness as high priests, but the word of the oath, which came later than the law, appoints a Son who has been made perfect forever.
  14. How is the Son whom God appointed, different than priests appointed by the Law?
    Hebrews 7:28 - ESV
    For the law appoints men in their weakness as high priests, but the word of the oath, which came later than the law, appoints a Son who has been made perfect forever.