Acts 15: Freedom from the Law & 10 Commandments

Acts 15:1-5

Certain men taught that it was necessary to be circumcised and keep the law of Moses.

Acts 15:1-5 - ESV
1
But some men came down from Judea and were teaching the brothers, “Unless you are circumcised according to the custom of Moses, you cannot be saved.”
2
And after Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and debate with them, Paul and Barnabas and some of the others were appointed to go up to Jerusalem to the apostles and the elders about this question.
3
So, being sent on their way by the church, they passed through both Phoenicia and Samaria, describing in detail the conversion of the Gentiles, and brought great joy to all the brothers.
4
When they came to Jerusalem, they were welcomed by the church and the apostles and the elders, and they declared all that God had done with them.
5
But some believers who belonged to the party of the Pharisees rose up and said, “It is necessary to circumcise them and to order them to keep the law of Moses.”

  1. What did certain men teach the brethren, that they must do to be saved?  
    Acts 15:1 - ESV
    But some men came down from Judea and were teaching the brothers, “Unless you are circumcised according to the custom of Moses, you cannot be saved.”
  2. When Paul and Barnabas had dissension and disputed with them, where was it determined that Paul and Barnabus would go with this question?  
    Acts 15:2 - ESV
    And after Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and debate with them, Paul and Barnabas and some of the others were appointed to go up to Jerusalem to the apostles and the elders about this question.
  3. What brought great joy to the brethren in Phoenicia and Samaria?  
    Acts 15:3 - ESV
    So, being sent on their way by the church, they passed through both Phoenicia and Samaria, describing in detail the conversion of the Gentiles, and brought great joy to all the brothers.
  4. What did Paul and Barnabus report to the church in Jerusalem?  
    Acts 15:4 - ESV
    When they came to Jerusalem, they were welcomed by the church and the apostles and the elders, and they declared all that God had done with them.
  5. What two things did some of the sect of the Pharisees say that the Gentiles must do to be saved?  
    Acts 15:5 - ESV
    But some believers who belonged to the party of the Pharisees rose up and said, “It is necessary to circumcise them and to order them to keep the law of Moses.”

Acts 15:6-11

Peter said, "Why do you test God by putting a yoke on the neck of the disciples which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear?"

Acts 15:6-11 - ESV
6
The apostles and the elders were gathered together to consider this matter.
7
And after there had been much debate, Peter stood up and said to them, “Brothers, you know that in the early days God made a choice among you, that by my mouth the Gentiles should hear the word of the gospel and believe.
8
And God, who knows the heart, bore witness to them, by giving them the Holy Spirit just as he did to us,
9
and he made no distinction between us and them, having cleansed their hearts by faith.
10
Now, therefore, why are you putting God to the test by placing a yoke on the neck of the disciples that neither our fathers nor we have been able to bear?
11
But we believe that we will be saved through the grace of the Lord Jesus, just as they will.”

  1. Who came together to consider this matter?  
    Acts 15:6 - ESV
    The apostles and the elders were gathered together to consider this matter.
  2. After they had much dispute, what did Peter say?  
    Acts 15:7 - ESV
    And after there had been much debate, Peter stood up and said to them, “Brothers, you know that in the early days God made a choice among you, that by my mouth the Gentiles should hear the word of the gospel and believe.
  3. How did God not show distinction between the Gentiles and the Jews?  
    Acts 15:8-9 - ESV
    8
    And God, who knows the heart, bore witness to them, by giving them the Holy Spirit just as he did to us,
    9
    and he made no distinction between us and them, having cleansed their hearts by faith.
  4. What did Peter say that neither they, nor the fathers, were able to bear?  
    Acts 15:10 - ESV
    Now, therefore, why are you putting God to the test by placing a yoke on the neck of the disciples that neither our fathers nor we have been able to bear?
  5. How were they and the Gentiles saved?
    Acts 15:11 - ESV
    But we believe that we will be saved through the grace of the Lord Jesus, just as they will.”

Acts 15:12-21 

The Gentiles are turned to God should abstain from pollutions of idols, and from fornication, and from things strangled, and from blood.

Acts 15:12-21 - ESV
12
And all the assembly fell silent, and they listened to Barnabas and Paul as they related what signs and wonders God had done through them among the Gentiles.
13
After they finished speaking, James replied, “Brothers, listen to me.
14
Simeon has related how God first visited the Gentiles, to take from them a people for his name.
15
And with this the words of the prophets agree, just as it is written,
16
“‘After this I will return, and I will rebuild the tent of David that has fallen; I will rebuild its ruins, and I will restore it,
17
that the remnant of mankind may seek the Lord, and all the Gentiles who are called by my name, says the Lord, who makes these things
18
known from of old.’
19
Therefore my judgment is that we should not trouble those of the Gentiles who turn to God,
20
but should write to them to abstain from the things polluted by idols, and from sexual immorality, and from what has been strangled, and from blood.
21
For from ancient generations Moses has had in every city those who proclaim him, for he is read every Sabbath in the synagogues.”

  1. What did Barnabas and Paul declare to the multitude?  
    Acts 15:12 - ESV
    And all the assembly fell silent, and they listened to Barnabas and Paul as they related what signs and wonders God had done through them among the Gentiles.
  2. What did James say about Simons words?  
    Acts 15:13 - ESV
    After they finished speaking, James replied, “Brothers, listen to me.

  3. What four requiremnets did James declare for the Gentiles to keep?  
    Acts 15:14 - ESV
    Simeon has related how God first visited the Gentiles, to take from them a people for his name.

  4. Where did he say that Moses (The Law) was preached every Sabbath?  
    Acts 15:15 - ESV
    And with this the words of the prophets agree, just as it is written,

Acts 15:22-29

Certain who went out from us have troubled you with words, unsettling your souls, saying, You must be circumcised and keep the law; to whom we gave no such commandment.

Acts 15:22-29 - ESV
22
Then it seemed good to the apostles and the elders, with the whole church, to choose men from among them and send them to Antioch with Paul and Barnabas. They sent Judas called Barsabbas, and Silas, leading men among the brothers,
23
with the following letter: “The brothers, both the apostles and the elders, to the brothers who are of the Gentiles in Antioch and Syria and Cilicia, greetings.
24
Since we have heard that some persons have gone out from us and troubled you with words, unsettling your minds, although we gave them no instructions,
25
it has seemed good to us, having come to one accord, to choose men and send them to you with our beloved Barnabas and Paul,
26
men who have risked their lives for the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.
27
We have therefore sent Judas and Silas, who themselves will tell you the same things by word of mouth.
28
For it has seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us to lay on you no greater burden than these requirements:
29
that you abstain from what has been sacrificed to idols, and from blood, and from what has been strangled, and from sexual immorality. If you keep yourselves from these, you will do well. Farewell.”

  1. Because of James decree, what were the apostles and elders pleased to do?  
    Acts 15:22 - ESV
    Then it seemed good to the apostles and the elders, with the whole church, to choose men from among them and send them to Antioch with Paul and Barnabas. They sent Judas called Barsabbas, and Silas, leading men among the brothers,
  2. Who did they send this letter to?  
    Acts 15:23 - ESV
    with the following letter: “The brothers, both the apostles and the elders, to the brothers who are of the Gentiles in Antioch and Syria and Cilicia, greetings.
  3. What troubling words had not been sent by James and the elders?  
    Acts 15:24 - ESV
    Since we have heard that some persons have gone out from us and troubled you with words, unsettling your minds, although we gave them no instructions,
  4. Who did they send this letter with?  
    Acts 15:25 - ESV
    it has seemed good to us, having come to one accord, to choose men and send them to you with our beloved Barnabas and Paul,

  5. What did the letter say that Gentiles must do?  
    Acts 15:26 - ESV
    men who have risked their lives for the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.